When we talk about tooth fissure, it is not something you can call an injury. Tooth fissure refers to the natural structure of molars. But this natural structure can develop plaque and other dental problems such as tooth decay can cavities. This is the reason that dentists suggest application of fissure sealant in order to prevent the occurrence of said dental problems.
What are pits and fissures?
The surface of molars is irregular. But this irregularity is something we need because it helps in chewing the foods well. This irregular shape contains dips and valleys which are commonly referred to as pits and fissures. Now, the patterns of these pits and fissures can vary from tooth to tooth. Some teeth may have deeper pits and fissures while some may not have that deeper.
Although these pits and fissures are necessary for teeth in order to grind foods well, these pits can collect foods particles and debris, leading to the development of tooth decay. Thus, the plaque can find good place to settle in and do the damage. When it comes to cleaning such surfaces, you will need to work a bit harder with your brush in order to make the bristles go a bit deeper. Hence, it would be pretty difficult for you to clean those pits in the molars.
It is particularly difficult for the children to clean their teeth. First molars usually start developing at the age of six. And these molars are supposed to remain there in the mouth for a lifetime. Now the presence of these pits and fissures can lead to tooth decay which may be treatable but it reduces the lifespan of that tooth.
Application of sealants
The fissure sealant is an amazing method of protecting molar from developing plaque and tooth decay during childhood. The sealant is mainly a coating which is applied on the chewing surface of the molars, mainly covering the pattern of fissures. This sealant acts as a barrier between tooth enamel and bacteria. The sealant settles in the fissures and blocks ways for the plaque, food particles, debris and bacteria to settle in.
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, sealants are aimed at providing protection against long-term dental damage. The damages we are talking about mainly include tooth decay, cavities, and conditions that raise the need for dental restoration.
One thing worth mentioning here is that dental sealant is not a substitute for daily dental care even though it effectively prevents dental issues. So, you need to make sure that you brush and floss on daily basis in order to prevent dental issues which can arise due to carelessness in maintaining dental hygiene.